1: Balances the original author's claims
5: It helps you prepare to challenge the author's claim.
6: The student is challenging the author's claim.
7: The student is defending the author's claim.
Qualifying a Claim: When we qualify a claim, we clarify it by adding some more information or by restricting claim's scope. After qualification a claim becomes more acceptable and balanced even for those who earlier slightly disagreed with that claim. Qualifying a claim includes qualifier words such as “some” or “many” or “most” or “often” etc. These words usually replace "all" and "always".
Challenging a Claim: It means entirely or partially disagreeing with claim. Disagreeing even with a specific element of the claim means challenging it.
Defending a Claim: It means entirely agreeing with a claim without any qualification.
answer:symbolize of trees of
it symbolize freshness and freedom