officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous. The capital is Brasília, and the most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the Federal District, the 26 states, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas,besides being one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to the strong immigration from various places in the world.
Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Parte ng kasaysayan ng Brazil ay ang pagkadiskubre nito noong taong 1500 nang ang armada na pinangungunahan ng diplomat mula sa Portuguese na si Pedro Álvares Cabral ay napadpad sa Brazil. Si Pedro Álvares Cabral ay papuntang India noong dumating siya sa Porto Seguro na nasa gitna ng Salvador at Rio de Janeiro.
(Ngunit may malakas na ebidensya na may mga ibang taga-Portuguese na nauna sa kanya sa Brazil. May libro si Duarte Pacheco Pereira na nagsasabing nasa Brazil ito noong 1498, sa utos ng isang haring nagngangalang Haring Manuel ng Portugal.)
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