The following terms terms can be related to drugs:
The terms above are types of drugs.
1. Abstinence: Refraining from further drug use
2. Addict: A stigmatizing slang term for an individual with an addictive disorder
3. Addiction: A repeated activity that continuously causes harm to oneself or othees
4. Intoxication:A state of being drugged or poisoned; results from abuse of alcohol, barbiturates, toxic drugs, etc.
5. Obsession: A mental behavior one repeats involuntarily that can be harmful
Abstinence: Refraining from further drug use
Addiction Assessment: A way to determine the presence and severity of chemical dependency in a client (considers sociological, psychological, physical, and family factors, etc.)
Addiction Treatment: Aims to reduce addiction
Addiction: A repeated activity that continuously causes harm to oneself or others (e.g. a substance’s continuous presence in the bloodstream).
Addictive Personality: A trait/traits that develops in response to drug use
Adverse Reaction: A detrimental reaction to a drug (not the desired reaction)
Affinity: The strength a drug has that allows it to bind to its receptor
Age at Onset: The age at which one’s addictive behavior began; an important factor in addiction assessment
Agonist: A drug that activates a receptor in the brain
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): A voluntary program concerned with helping alcoholics with recovery and continued sobriety
Analgesic: Medication designed to treat pain
Antagonist: A substance that can nullify another’s effects (a drug that does not elicit a response)
AOD: Stands for (Alcohol and Other Drugs)
AODA: Stands for (Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse)
Aspirin: An anti-inflammatory agent used for pain relief
Bioavailability: A drug’s ability to enter the body
Biofeedback: Signal use to control physiological processes that are normally involuntary
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT): Promotes community-based substance abuse treatment services
Codependence: A family member’s or friend’s suffering that is the result of the side effects of one’s addiction; it occurs when one takes responsibility for another’s actions and helps that person avoid facing his or her problems directly to maintain the relationship
Cold Turkey: Abruptly quitting a drug by choice in order to try to quit long-term
Compulsion: A physical behavior one repeats involuntarily that can be harmful (e.g., addiction)
Conditioning: A behavioral change that results from an association between events
Detoxification (Detox): The process of the body ridding itself of a toxic substance (e.g. a drug)
Drug Tolerance: A progressive state of decreased responsiveness to a drug
Hallucinogen: Chemical substance that distorts perceptions, sometimes resulting in delusions or hallucinations
Harm Reduction: Often the first stage of addiction treatment; reducing therapy instead of stopping the target behavior
Addiction Illegal/Illicit Drugs: Drugs that are illegal to produce, use, and sell
Induction: Beginning phase of buprenorphine treatment
Inflation: An addiction behavior’s tendency to slowly but surely increase in frequency
Intoxication: A state of being drugged or poisoned; results from abuse of alcohol, barbiturates, toxic drugs, etc.
Legal Drugs: Everyday drugs not for medical use (e.g. alcohol, caffeine, carbohydrates, nicotine, etc.)
Maintenance: Stabilization of a patient who is indefinitely on a drug’s lowest effective dose
Medical Model: An addiction theory that considers addiction a medical rather than social issue
Metabolism (of drugs): The chemical and physical reactions carried out by the body to prepare for a drug’s execution
Monotherapy: Therapy using one drug
Morphine: A major sedative/pain reliever found in opium
Mu Agonist: A drug that stimulates physiologic activity on mu opioid cell receptors
Mu Opioid Receptor: Nerve cell receptor that mediates opioid addiction and tolerance through drug-induced activity
Sublingual: Drugs that enter the blood through the membranes under the tongue
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The term 'opioids' refers to a class of psychoactive substances derived from the Alcohol misuse is also common in all types of people who misuse drugs; ...
Increasing numbers of persons with heart, lung, kidney, musculoskeletal, and behavioral disorders who take medically prescribed drugs are choosing an active lifestyle. However, we know little about the effects of exercise on drug metabolism or how drugs might affect exercise performance. In this paper some basic concepts underlying pharmacokinetics (the study of determinants of drug concentration) and of pharmacodynamics (the study of the biological effects of drugs) will be considered. Although there is relatively little data related to exercise, an understanding of these pharmacological principles can be widely applied.