d. World Health Organization
World Health Organization is a department under United Nations that is concern with international public health. Their purpose is to direct and coordinate with the international community about public health works and law, ensures valid and productive technical cooperation and promote research. This department is in charge to inform the public about the latest news on health especially those communicable ones that may transfer from country to country. They also develops new trends that may help the public to defeat such diseases that makes people live longer and at ease. They are such an important part of the UN to research on medicines that doesn't have a cure yet.
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With emerging global health trends and continuing public health issues worldwide, a primary organization is responsible to consolidate and concert efforts to address those issues. Now, which of these international organizations is the chief body responsible for providing leadership on global health, setting norms and standards and providing health support to countries around the world?International Committee of the Red Cross United Nations Health and Life Insurance World Bank World Health Organization
The answer would be (4) World Health Organization (WHO), which is a specialized agency under the United Nations (UN). What does the World Health Organization do? Apart from leading efforts on addressing global health issues and concerns, setting up norms and standards, the WHO ultimately aims to provide all the people in the world the highest possible level of health.
WHO is mandated to accomplish the following:To act as the directing and coordinating authority on international health work; To establish and maintain effective collaboration with the United Nations, specialized agencies, governmental health administrations, professional groups and such other organizations as may be deemed appropriate; To assist Governments, upon request, in strengthening health services; To furnish appropriate technical assistance and, in emergencies, necessary aid upon the request or acceptance of Governments; To provide or assist in providing, upon the request of the United Nations, health services and facilities to special groups, such as the peoples of trust territories; To establish and maintain such administrative and technical services as may be required, including epidemiological and statistical services; To stimulate and advance work to eradicate epidemic, endemic and other diseases; To promote, in co-operation with other specialized agencies where necessary, the prevention of accidental injuries; To promote, in co-operation with other specialized agencies where necessary, the improvement of nutrition, housing, sanitation, recreation, economic or working conditions and other aspects of environmental hygiene; To promote co-operation among scientific and professional groups which contribute to the advancement of health; and, To propose conventions, agreements and regulations, and make recommendations with respect to international health matters and to perform. World Health Organization Founders
Szeming Sze, Alger Hiss, and other advocates prompted the UN to vote for the drafting and creation of the constitution of the World Health Organization. It was signed thereafter by all the 51 founding countries of the UN, as well as 10 other countries, on 22 July 1946.World Health Organization History
Following the signing of the constitution of WHO, it became the first specialized agency of the United Nations to which every member subscribed. Its constitution formally came into force on the first World Health Day on 7 April 1948, when it was ratified by the 26th member state. The first meeting of the World Health Assembly finished on 24 July 1948. Andrija Stampar was the Assembly's first president, and G. Brock Chisholm was appointed Director-General of WHO, having served as Executive Secretary during the planning stages. Its first priorities were to control the spread of malaria, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted infections, and to improve maternal and child health, nutrition and environmental hygiene. Its first legislative act was concerning the compilation of accurate statistics on the spread and morbidity of disease.
To know more about the International Committee of the Red Cross, please click here: To know more about the World Bank, click here: Lastly, for further information regarding the UN, click here: